I read an interesting discussion about pharmacovigilance (PV) software a few weeks ago on one of the pharmacy listservs I belong to. The conversation struck me as odd because much of it sounded an awful lot like a discussion on clinical decision support (CDS). This led me to wonder whether or not PV and CDS are the same thing, completely different or subsets of one another. I am not familiar with the term PV myself, so I set out to gather some information. And here’sÂ what I found. Continue reading Pharmacovigilance, whatâ€™s in a name
The third issue of the eJournal Applied Clinical Informatics (ACI) is available online and itâ€™s packed with some pretty interesting stuff. Even though CPOE and CDS have been topics for discussion for quite sometime, they’ve somehow managed to fly under the radar for the most part.
Here’s some stuff on CPOE and CDS in the third edition of ACI that caught my eye:
CMIO: â€œAllscripts will integrateÂ IntrinsiQ’s IntelliDoseÂ chemotherapyÂ management tool into its EHR product suite as a new offering for physician practices.
The Waltham, Mass.-based IntrinsiQâ€™s IntelliDose calculates and tracks the administration of chemotherapy treatments and will enable Allscripts’ multi-specialty and oncology clients to manage oncology patient care workflow, according to the company.
Under the agreement, oncology practices will work with Allscripts account managers to coordinate with implementation and training specialists from the IntelliDose team.Â Integration of IntelliDose into Allscripts tools will enable Allscripts clients to select the add-on program to navigate patient records across both systems, IntrinsiQ stated. â€œ
This sounds like an interesting concept. I tried looking for detailed information on IntelliDose, but really couldn’t find much. Based on information at the IntrinsiQ website it appears that IntelliDose is a clinical decision support system designed specifically for chemotherapy. Based on the description, IntelliDose does many of the same things that a pharmacy information system does, i.e. checks for â€œbody surface area limitations, patient allergies, and exceptional lab resultsâ€ in addition to reviewing â€œdosage variables such as ideal weight, serum creatinine, and creatinine clearance.â€ Sounds like a pharmacist.
As usual there were a lot of things that happened during the week, and not all of it was pharmacy or technology related. Here’s a quick look at some of the stuff I found interesting.
– Whatâ€™s that? Oh, Avatar is still #1 at the box office. Itâ€™s now #2 on the list of top grossing movies of all time with its crosshairs squarely set on #1.
– KevinMD: â€œBut when this health-care reform package passes, and if it does to the economy and to medical practice what many of us fear, will anyone be accountable? Will they step up and say, â€˜yep, that was me! Sorry, Iâ€™ll try to fix it!â€™ Itâ€™s unlikely. Thatâ€™s not how politics are conducted.â€ â€“ Scary thought
– The Apple iPad was announced this week. Itâ€™s basically a giant iPod Touch. It isnâ€™t available for purchase yet, but is already creating quite a buzz in heath care. Every card carrying clinician is claiming the iPad is going to revolutionize how they practice health care. Iâ€™m looking forward to getting my hands on one and spending some quality time figuring out how best to use it, but Iâ€™m a little gun shy about making claims like that.
– You can find positive blog posts on the iPad everywhere, so here a couple of negatives to help balance it out: interesting view from a 16-year old boy and another from VentureBeat and one final one from GottaBeMobile.
– Hitler responds to the iPad. I find these â€œHitlerâ€ videos very funny. Be warned, however, they contain some offensive language.
– Hereâ€™s a tablet PC survey aimed at health care spurred on by the arrival of the iPad.
– Healthcare IT Consultant Blog: â€œMedical records for about 4,400 UCSF patients are at risk after thieves stole a laptop from a medical school employee in November, UCSF officials said Wednesday. The laptop â€¦ stolen on or about Nov. 30 â€¦ was found in Southern California on Jan. 8. There is no indication that unauthorized access to the files or the laptop actually took place, UCSF officials said, but patients’ names, medical record numbers, ages and clinical information were potentially exposed.â€ â€“ This is why you never, ever store patient information on any type of physical media be it hard drive, CD, flash drive, etc. This is also why storage of patient information on the cloud should be considered.
– Pharmcotherapy : â€œThe genetic study of disease states can be the stepping stones for thoroughly understanding the genetic basis of ADEs. Gene polymorphisms are implicated in the development of diseases and corresponding disease-like ADEs.â€ â€“ Pharmacogenetics, the study of genetic variation on the effects of drug, has been around for several years now, but has never really taken hold like many thought it would. The idea behind genetic testing to determine how you will respond to medications makes sense, but I donâ€™t see it in practice. I wonder why?
– The Palmdoc Chronicles: â€œVisualDx Mobile for the iPhone and iPod Touch aids physicians in their decision making efforts by increasing diagnostic accuracy, helping to reduce health care costs associated with unnecessary return visits, referrals, and testsâ€“ all of which increase patient satisfaction.â€ â€“ Clinical decision support for the iPhone/iPod touch.
Endgadget: â€œResearchers aim to give surgeons 3D maps, directions of human body – the group’s TLEMsafe system does provide surgeons with a complete 3D map of the lower body, which can actually be personalized for each individual patient, giving surgeons a reference and means to practice before any actual surgery takes place — and, yes, even an “automated navigation system” during surgery.â€ â€“ Pretty cool stuff.
– LiveScience: â€œResearchers have built a new super-small “nanodragster” that improves on prior nanocar designs and could speed up efforts to craft molecular machines.â€ â€“ This is amazing, The nanodragster is built using a combination of phyenylene-ethynylene molecules for the chassis and buckyball wheels. Cool!
– medGadget: â€œTo see if clinical measurements can be performed using a cheaper solution, researchers at University of Melbourne tested Nintendo’s Wii Balance Board (WBB) against a laboratory-grade force platform (FP), and concluded that the cheaper option can provide results “suitable for the clinical setting” â€“ So having a Wii is totally worth it, right?
– ASHP: â€œHealth care facilities can expect the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) by October to release a set of best practices for managing excess, expired, and unwanted pharmaceuticals.â€ â€“ What to do with these medications has always been an issue.
– LA Times: “Unfortunately, even great stories have their endings, and the chapter on Warner’s NFL career closed today when the 38-year-old quarterback announced his retirement.” â€“ Iâ€™m disappointed for my team, but happy for Warner. The man is a class act and a lock for the Hall of Fame. Check out his stats sometime. They are impressive. Kurt Warner is one of the few professional football players that I would like to meet in person. Perhaps I’ll get the opportunity some day. Good luck Kurt.
– I went 1-1 last weekend, bringing my playoff record to 7-3. The Vikings game was one of those rare moments in the NFL where the better team lost. Even with all the Vikings turnovers and bad penalty calls, they were only one play away from a trip to Miami for the Super Bowl. I was really hoping the Vikings could pull it off, but it wasnâ€™t meant to be. My hat goes off to the Saints for hanging staying in the game. Now I hope Favre retires and enjoys being one of the greatest quarterbacks to have ever played the game.
There is a nice article in the November 2009 issue of Hospital Pharmacy on the use of clinical surveillance in pharmacy. I’ve mentioned these types of systems before here and here.
From the article:
Clinical surveillance tools are atype of clinical decision support system (CDSS), providing pharmacists with patient information that has been filtered according to predefined criteria and is presented at appropriate times to enhance patient care. These tools pull data from 3 sourcesâ€”admission/discharge/transfer (ADT), laboratory, and pharmacyâ€”and use clinical rules to analyze the data and alert the user of instances that meet the rulesâ€™criteria. Though there is some variability in methods across the different vendorsâ€™ products, these Webbased applications enerally function by interfacing (HL7) with the hospitalâ€™s information systems to securely pull the data to the vendorâ€™s server where the data are analyzed against a set of clinical rules. Some vendors allow the client to build their own rules, some provide a foundational set of rules, and others do not allow user-defined rules. This is an important distinction to make when evaluating the different applications.